‘He Raped Me’: When Donald Trump Was Accused of Sexual Assault

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During the couple’s divorce proceedings in the early 90s, Ivana Trump accused the current GOP frontrunner of assaulting and raping her in a rage over a painful scalp reduction surgery. (Donald denies both the assault and the surgery.) Why are so few people talking about this?

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Arrest Warrant Has Been Issued For Bill Cosby Over Alleged 2004 Sexual Assault

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An arrest warrant has been issued for Bill Cosby for aggravated indecent assault, a first-degree felony, over the alleged 2004 sexual assault of Andrea Constand, who was at the time the operations manager of Temple University’s women’s basketball team. Although Cosby has been accused of sexually assaulting more than 50 women, this case marks the first time criminal charges will be brought against him, just before the statute of limitations on the case run out on January. He is expected to be arraigned later Wednesday afternoon.  Continue reading

Democratic lawmaker suggest that rape victim women should all be disarmed and carry a whistle instead

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(Natural News) – It’s one thing for Americans who don’t believe in the Second Amendment to  refrain from carrying or owning a firearm for self-defense if they choose to do  so, but it’s a completely different thing for an anti-gun politician to push for  laws that disarm Americans and put them at risk of harm from  criminals.

That is especially true for women, who are often victimized by  much stronger, much larger men.

But that doesn’t matter to Colorado state  Rep. Joe Salazar. As far as he’s concerned, even women at risk of being raped  should not be allowed to carry a gun.

Get a whistle, not a  gun

While arguing for the disarmament of college students recently on  the floor of the state Legislature, Salazar said guns weren’t the answer for  women at risk – “call boxes” and “whistles” were better protective  choices.

“It’s why we have call boxes, it’s why we have safe zones, it’s  why we have the whistles. Because you just don’t know who you’re gonna be  shooting at. And you don’t know if you feel like you’re gonna be raped, or if  you feel like someone’s been following you around or if you feel like you’re in  trouble when you may actually not be, that you pop out that gun and you pop …  pop around at somebody.”

In Salazar’s world, absurdity obviously knows no  bounds.

To his way of thinking, potential rapists would back off if they  encountered a woman in a “safe zone.” If she were near a “call box” or had a  “whistle,” her protection would be exponentially stronger because, you know,  rapists pay attention to such things when planning their criminal  acts.

Well, I can’t rape her. She’s got a whistle.  She’s in a ‘safe zone.’ And look – she’s carrying a  whistle.

“Representative Joe Salazar (D-Colo.) isn’t a ‘boorish,  macho Latino’ as some have stated. In his zeal to ban guns, he’s shown himself  to be a Todd Akin-level fool,” writes Amy Sterling Casil at PolicyMic.com. “Akin’s 2012 comments to the effect that women  could ‘prevent pregnancy’ in the case of ‘legitimate rape’ arose from his desire  to ban abortion, no matter what the circumstance of pregnancy. The statements of  both men arose from political zeal which led them to voice opinions at odds with  common sense and human decency.”

Adds St. Louis-area talk radio host Dana  Loesch, “This is the real ‘war on women’ I’ve talked about: the progressive  insistence that women disarm. Women, according to Rep. Salazar, are hysterical  things which shoot indiscriminately at any and everything.”

Loesch goes  onto back up her assertions with hard stats:

— In the vast majority of  self-defense cases involving a firearm, the potential victim will only brandish  a weapon or fire a shot in warning;

— In less than 8 percent of such  incidents, the person bearing the firearm will even wound the  attacker;

— Over 1.9 million self-defense instances annually involve  defending oneself with a gun;

— Nearly a half-million self-defense  incidents take place away from the home;

And the one statistic that  is most pertinent to the issue of self-defense involving women, almost 10  percent of self-defense instances are women defending themselves against sexual  assault or abuse.

For real and future female victims of sexual  assault, apology should not be accepted

So, not only do one in  10 cases of self-defense each year involve women defending themselves against  sexual predators, these women do so a) without wounding or maiming innocent  people; and b) without using a “call box” and “whistle.”

Salazar has  since apologized – sort of – for his idiocy.

“I’m sorry if I offended  anyone,” he said in a statement. “That was absolutely not my intention. We were  having a public policy debate on whether or not guns makes people safer on  campus. I don’t believe they do. That was the point I was trying to  make.”

He’s wrong, of course, but when you’re an anti-gun hack apparently  any form of logic is applicable.

Dafne, 9-yr-old girl gives birth to baby, Mexican officials say

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(Digital Journal) -Dafne, 9-year-old Mexican girl, has reportedly given birth to  a baby. According to Mexican authorities the baby weighing 5.7 pounds was  delivered on January 27 by Cesarean section at the Zoquipan Hospital in Jalisco,  western Mexico.

A hospital official explained that “due to her young age and  to the fact that her body was not ready to give birth, the medical team decided  a C-Section was the best option.”

According to The Huffington Post, the girl was 8-years-old when she  became pregnant.

AFP reports the mother of the  girl told officials: “The father is a boy who is 17, but we have not found him,  since he ran away.”

According to   The Telegraph, Jorge Vllasenor of the state’s prosecutor’s  office, said: “We are looking for the young man to get his story because she  does not understand what has happened. This is a rape or child sex abuse case.”

Lino Ginizalez Corona, Jalisco State  Police spokesperson, said the mother gave an account of her relationship with  her boyfriend, saying it was loving. She admitted that she was dating the  17-year-old but was reluctant to give detailed information about the  relationship when pressed, ABC News reports. Corona said: “Due to her young age, we  don’t know if she is being entirely truthful.”  She added: “She did not realize  that she was pregnant until the seventh month.”

When the 17-year-old father asked his  “girlfriend” to move in with him so they can raise the child together, she  refused. Corona said the young father decided “to leave town two months ago.”

State authorities say they are looking  for the father so they can have his side of the story. State prosecutors say  they may request assistance of neighboring state authorities. Corona said  investigators are still considering the “possibility of rape or child sex  abuse.”

ABC News reports that the 9-year-old mother belonged to a  family of 11 siblings. Her parents gave the excuse that they were unable the  watch the child while they were at work. The family lives in Ixtlahuacan de los  Membrillos, a “poverty-stricken neighborhood 25 miles south of Guadalajara.”  Corona explained: “Her parents work all day and were not watching after her, and  therefore didn’t realize what was about to happen.”

The girl has been released from the  hospital, The Telegraph reports. Doctors say they will be giving  extensive follow-up care because of the mother’s tender age.

A hospital official said at a press  conference that the mother will also be receiving psychological attention.

Dafne’s is not the first in recent  times that a child has given birth. According to The Telegraph, a  10-year-old Colombian girl gave birth last year. A 9-year-old Chinese girl also  reportedly gave birth in 2010, The Huffington Post reports.

Read more:  http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/342980#ixzz2KEvADkNQ

Former Sex Trafficking Victim Shines Light On Dark Underworld Of Super Bowl

 

Sex trafficking, the ugly truth of a Super Bowl venue

 

(Nola) -Amid the parties and fun of Super Bowl 2013, authorities say, there is a dark underworld of girls and women being forced into the sex trade. Sitting in the festive lobby of a New Orleans hotel, festooned with San Francisco 49ers and Baltimore Ravens decorations, Clemmie Greenlee, a former victim of sex trafficking from Nashville, recalled being brought to cities around the South to prostitute for those attending such large-scale events.

For Greenlee’s pimps, the influx of people provided a massive money-making opportunity.

“When they come to these kinds of events, the first thing you’re told is how many you’re gonna perform a day,” she said Friday. “You’ve got to go through 25 men a day, or you’re going through 50 of them. When they give you that number, you better make that number.”

Having been abducted and gang-raped by her captors at age 12, Greenlee said, she was one of about eight girls controlled by a ring of pimps, men who injected them with heroin and, at times, kept them handcuffed to beds. For trying to run away, she was once stabbed in the back.

Now 53, Greenlee works at Eden House in Uptown New Orleans, the first shelter for sex-trafficking victims in Louisiana; the center opened in October 2012.

“If you don’t make that number (of sex customers), you’re going to dearly, dearly, severely pay for it,” Greenlee said. “I mean with beatings, I mean with over and over rapings. With just straight torture. The worst torture they put on you is when they make you watch the other girl get tortured because of your mistake.”

Sex and Super Bowls

In the past year, authorities in Louisiana have been working to raise awareness about the rampant sex trafficking that has historically accompanied the Super Bowl. While there is a widespread perception that human trafficking is a problem only in foreign countries, data from the U.S. Department of Justice show the average American prostitute begins working between the ages of 12 and 14.

Established in 2006, the Louisiana Human Trafficking Task Force, comprised of federal, state and local law enforcement agencies, plus faith-based and nongovernmental organizations, has been meeting regularly to try to increase trafficking arrests and rescue the victims.

As a tourist destination, New Orleans attracts sex workers year-round, said Bryan Cox, spokesman for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in New Orleans. But many of those young women are not here by choice. So, in the weeks leading up to the Super Bowl, both outreach and undercover efforts have ramped up.

Those efforts have paid off to some degree already. As of Thursday, at least eight men had been booked with sex trafficking and five female victims had been rescued from their clutches, Cox said, noting that such cases are investigated jointly by the New Orleans Police Department, State Police, the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI, among others.

Two of the women, ages 21 and 24, were brought to Covenant House, a homeless shelter for young people at the edge of the French Quarter, according to executive director James Kelly. After taking a shower and spending the night, however, the women left without accepting the services Kelly and others were trying to offer them.

“We believe they went back to turning tricks,” Kelly said. “We did our best to try to care for them and try to get them to stay, but they were 21 and 24, and there was no way we could force them to stay, and neither could the FBI.”

You’ve got to go through 25 men a day, or you’re going through 50 of them.” — Clemmie Greenlee

Such behavior is common, Greenlee said, noting that she had repeatedly returned to her captors after stays in the hospital or jail, mainly out of fear. She said many times, the women are brainwashed; they believe they have no other options, no future to pursue.

“They’re terrified,” she said. “You can say you’re going to save us, you can say we don’t have to worry about the pimps no more. We already know what power they have shown us. So either you come back to them, or you find out two days later they either got your grandmother or they just broke your little baby’s arm.

“There’s no such thing as we want to go back to these guys,” she said. “We do not feel that no one — not even the law — can protect us, and we do not want to die. I’d rather live in that misery and pain than to die.”

Messages on bars of soap

Aside from police sting operations, advocacy groups and local police agencies have been trying to combat the problem by handing out pamphlets to local hotel concierges, bartenders and club bouncers, asking them to be on the lookout for women who appear fearful and show signs of being controlled by the men they’re with. One of the signs a woman is being trafficked is that she is not allowed to speak for herself, advocates say.

Some groups have been handing out to hotels bars of soap that have a sex trafficking hotline phone number on them, hoping that women who are desperate to escape will see the number on the soap bar and take a chance on a phone call that could save them. Other groups have been providing strip clubs with posters that urge people to call in tips.

For Greenlee, her chance at a turnaround came from a similar help card in Nashville. Having run away from her captors in her 30s, she said, they did not chase after her because she had “aged out.” Living in an abandoned house in Nashville, shooting heroin with other junkies and prostituting herself, she had lost all hope of a normal life.

But one woman, a former sex worker who knew Greenlee and had graduated from Magdalene House, a safe house program in Nashville — the philosophy of which Eden House was based on — visited Greenlee almost weekly. She would leave little cards with the Magdalene House telephone number on them. But having given up, Greenlee shunned the woman and her cards.

After about five months of cards piling up, one day Greenlee woke up and realized she needed to take the chance. She was 42 years old. “I went to the phone and I pulled out some of them 99 pieces of paper that girl had left.

“The one thing I had in my head was, ‘If I learn how to live and heal, I can get back and get those girls. I can go back and tell people what they do to us,'” she said. “I’m not ashamed of what done happened to me. I don’t care if I never get a husband. It just don’t make no sense that we had to go through this.”

“It’s not as easy as saying, ‘Call this number, escape,'” said Kara Van De Carr, executive director of Eden House. “But women who have hit rock bottom and realize they’re going to die in that lifestyle will try anything to get out.”

Police constable, 28, ‘gave three-year-old girl a sexually transmitted disease when he abused her’

 (DailyMail) -A police officer allegedly gave a three-year-old girl a sexually transmitted disease when he abused her, a court has today heard.

PC James Williams, who was based at Trinity Road police station, in Bristol, is accused of assaulting the toddler in a house in the city and passing on chlamydia to her.

On the first day of evidence at his trial today a jury heard the allegations against the 28-year-old came to light when the little girl complained that she was sore when she went to the toilet.

 
PC James Williams, of Bristol, is accused of assaulting a three year old and giving her a sexually transmitted diseasePC James Williams, of Bristol, is accused of assaulting a three year old and giving her a sexually transmitted disease

 

 
James Williams leaving court today. On the first day of evidence at his trial today a jury heard the allegations against the 28-year-old came to light when the little girl complained that she was sore when she went to the toiletJames Williams leaving court today. On the first day of evidence at his trial today a jury heard the allegations against the 28-year-old came to light when the little girl complained that she was sore when she went to the toilet

When her mother asked why, she said Williams had ‘hurt’ her and indicated how with her hands.

She also claimed Williams had exposed himself to her, the court heard.

While staying with her father the following day, the youngster repeated some of the claims to him.

Williams, who is suspended from duties as a response officer for Avon and Somerset police, denies sexual assault by penetration on a child under 13.

The girl’s mother shook as she recounted what her daughter told her had happened.

As she stood in the witness box at Bournemouth Crown Court she said the first time she took her daughter to the doctor, she did not tell him what the three-year-old was claiming.

The youngster, whose anonymity is protected by law, was diagnosed with a water infection.

But she was taken back to the GP several days later where the allegations were explained.

She was then admitted to Bristol Children’s Hospital for a full examination where tests revealed she had chlamydia, a disease usually transmitted sexually, which can cause infertility.

Her mother said: ‘I know chlamydia can cause problems for older ladies with them having children and that was one of my worst fears.’

 
The jury heard the girl's infection was treated with medicine. But then two years later, tests revealed she had the infection again, having had no contact with Williams since the allegations first surfacedThe jury heard the girl’s infection was treated with medicine. But then two years later, tests revealed she had the infection again, having had no contact with Williams since the allegations first surfaced

Prosecuting, Kerry Barker said Williams and others who had come into contact with the girl around that time were all tested for the disease.

Mr Barker said: ‘He (Williams) agreed voluntarily to undertake tests for chlamydia and those tests showed he too had chlamydia, and it was the same strain.’

Williams was privately confronted about the allegations by the family, with the girl – now five – in the same room.

Witnesses told the jury that when asked who had touched her, she pointed at him and said that he had.

When asked again she repeated the response, but when asked for a third time she replied: ‘It’s a secret.’

The court heard from several witnesses at that ‘tense’ meeting who said Williams did not deny the allegations at the time.

The girl’s mother told the jury: ‘James didn’t really react.’

During the alleged victim’s first year in nursery school, staff catalogued ‘concerning’ and ‘sexualised’ behaviour towards other children.

After counselling sessions, her behaviour became more normal but she is still ‘very cuddly’ towards other children, her mother said.

The jury heard the girl’s infection was treated with medicine. But then two years later her symptoms returned.

Tests revealed she had the infection again, having had no contact with Williams since the allegations first surfaced.

The case continues.

New York investigating evidence errors in 843 rape cases

 

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(RT) -In an unusual move, the New York medical examiner is reviewing hundreds of rape cases where a lab technician mishandled or overlooked DNA evidence. In some instances, the errors caused criminal investigators to make cases on bad information.

The Medical Examiner’s Office has already uncovered 26 cases where a lab technician overlooked DNA evidence, The New York Times reports. One of those cases led to a criminal indictment a decade after the piece of evidence was initially collected, while two other cases allowed investigators to link suspects to old crimes.

The technician whose work is being audited worked for the agency for nine years before resigning in November 2011. Speaking of the initiative, which began in March 2011, medical examiner’s spokeswoman Ellen Borakove told The Times, “This is the first time we’ve had anything like this.”

The cases under review span from 2001 to 2011.

And the examiners involved are still not sure how extensively the problem of mishandled DNA evidence may reach. One more than one occasion, supervisors believed they had completed a review of the technician’s errors – only to discover more and more cases requiring reassessment.

Most commonly, the technician – who was responsible for collecting DNA evidence from sex crime victims’ bodies at the hospital, and putting it in test tubes for more experienced lab workers to analyze – missed stains caused by biological material, or identified them but then bungled a chemical analysis. She also apparently accidentally mixed DNA from 19 separate investigations, the report says.

Such mistakes are no small matter, and could lead to a report claiming no evidence where in fact there had been, or vice versa.

The agency still has 412 cases to review out of a total 843.

A Medical Examiner’s Office attorney said the agency was “leaving no stone unturned” in reviewing casework handled by the technician.

Though the technician’s mistakes could plausibly have caused numerous wrong acquittals, doctors involved said that they did not lead to any wrong convictions.

Indian woman jumps from train to escape rape

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(RT) – A young woman is in hospital in critical condition after throwing herself off a moving train in an attempt to escape molestation. It’s the latest in a number of incidents that have exposed the vulnerability of women in India.

­The 25-year-old woman jumped from the carriage of a moving train after allegedly being molested by a soldier. The attack occurred on Thursday while the train was en route from Darjeeling to Delhi. The man groped her after she had visited the lavatory. After pushing him back, the woman jumped from the Brahmaputra Mail line train. The mother of two is being treated in hospital in the city of Patna.

“Her condition continues to be critical. A team of doctors is treating her. She has suffered injuries to her head and legs,” a police official told the IANS news agency.

A member of the Assam Rifles paramilitary force has been arrested and charged in connection with the incident.

It comes just weeks after a 23-year-old medical student was gang-raped on a bus in Dehli, while her male companion was severely beaten. She later died from her injuries in hospital.

The male companion has revealed more details of the tragic event. He recounted that in the immediate aftermath of the rape, no one responded to their cries for help.

Police and passersby left the mortally injured female student lying naked and bleeding for almost an hour.

“We kept shouting at the police, ‘please give us some clothes’ but they were busy deciding which police station our case should be registered at,” the Zee News network reported on Friday.

The allegations were denied by Joint Commissioner of Police (South West range) Vivek Gogia. Citing electronic logs and data from GPS tracking devices, Gogia said that police had received a report about two people lying on the road in a pool of blood at 10:21p.m.

Less than ten minutes later, two patrol vehicles arrived at the scene, with one leaving to carry the pair to a hospital at 10:39pm, the commissioner said. It took the van 16 minutes to reach the hospital.

The police official also said that no argument over jurisdiction occurred between the officers at the scene.

The rape case has resonated with the population as hundreds of thousands took to the streets to voice their anger over the attack and the lack of police response. The crowd demanded punishment for those responsible, as well as new laws to protect Indian women.

The rapists have been arrested. Five of the men detained have been indicted with gang rape and murder, and are likely to face execution. They will face a specially-established fast-track court on Monday. A sixth male is under 18 and will be judged in a juvenile court, despite the victim’s family’s plea for an adult trial, as he is believed to been the most brutal of the attackers. The victim’s father has also demanded new legislation on sex crimes to be named in honor of his daughter.

In an effort to provide more protection on transport routes and deter gangs operating on trains, India’s inspector general said the railway police have stepped up patrols. In 2012, police apprehended nearly 15 gangs and recovered 15 weapons from trains.

The problem of sexual violence against women appears to touch all levels of Indian society, as on Thursday the ruling Congress party in Assam state suspended a politician accused of rape. Police claim that Congress leader Bikram Singh Brahma was visiting the village of Santipur when he entered a local house and raped a woman at 2am. The villagers later attacked the politician and captured the footage on tape.

New Delhi has an infamous reputation as India’s rape capital, seemingly confirmed by a report in the Hindustan Times that documents more than 20 rape cases in the city since December 16th, the day of the rape and brutal murder of the 23-year-old medical student

Indian teen kills self after police pressure her to marry rapist

 

 

Indian anti-rape protests via AFP

(Raw Story) -A 17-year-old Indian girl who was gang-raped committed suicide after police pressured her to drop the case and marry one of her attackers, police and a relative said on Thursday.

Amid the ongoing uproar over the gang-rape of a student on a bus in New Delhi earlier this month, the latest case has again shone the spotlight on the police’s handling of sex crimes.

One police officer has been sacked and another suspended over their conduct after the assault during the festival of Diwali on November 13 in the Patiala region in the Punjab, according to officials.

 

The teenager was found dead on Wednesday night after swallowing poison.

Inspector General Paramjit Singh Gill said that the teenager had been “running from pillar to post to get her case registered” but officers failed to open a formal inquiry.

“One of the officers tried to convince her to withdraw the case,” Gill, the police chief for the area, told AFP.

Before her death, there had been no arrests over her case although three people were detained on Thursday. Two of them were her alleged male attackers and the third was a suspected woman accomplice.

The victim’s sister told Indian television that the teenager had been urged to either accept a cash settlement or marry one of her attackers.

“The police started pressuring her to either reach a financial settlement with her attackers or marry one of them,” her sister told the NDTV network.

 

Meanwhile, the Press Trust of India reported that a police officer has been suspended for allegedly refusing to register a rape complaint in the northern state of Chhattisgar.

The woman and her husband later brought the case to the attention of a more senior officer and a hunt has now been launched for her attacker, an auto rickshaw driver.

Official figures show that 228,650 of the total 256,329 violent crimes recorded last year in India were against women.

The real figure is thought to be much higher as so many women are reluctant to report attacks to the police.

During an address to the chief ministers of India’s states on Thursday, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh pledged to bring in new laws to cover attacks on women.

Sara Reedy, the rape victim accused of lying and jailed by US police, wins $1.5m payout

Sara Reedy at home in Butler, Pennsylvania

(Guardian) -Sara Reedy remembers clearly the start of her ordeal, and how surprisingly painful it was to have a gun jammed to her temple. Then her attacker demanded oral sex, saying he would shoot her if she refused. She was shaking, gagging.

“I had images of my family finding me dead,” she told the Observer. “I closed my eyes and just tried to get it over with.”

Reedy was 19 when the man entered the petrol station near Pittsburgh where she was working to pay her way through college and pulled a gun. He emptied the till of its $606.73 takings, assaulted her and fled into the night. But the detective who interviewed Reedy in hospital didn’t believe her, and accused her of stealing the money herself and inventing the story as a cover-up. Although another local woman was attacked not long after in similar fashion, the police didn’t join the dots.

Following further inquiries, Reedy was arrested for theft and false reporting and, pregnant with her first child (by her now ex-husband), thrown in jail. She was subsequently released on bail, but lost her job. More than a year after attacking Reedy, the man struck again, but this time he was caught and confessed to the earlier crime.

When the charges against her were dropped, Reedy sued the police and has now won a marathon legal battle and a $1.5m (£1m) settlement against the detective who turned her from victim into accused. The payment was agreed earlier this year, but can be revealed only now because of a non-disclosure clause that was part of the settlement.

Now 27, Reedy talked exclusively to the Observer to announce the settlement and speak out about how she hopes her vindication will change the way the police investigate rape. “I’m relieved that people will be able to see now that I was telling the truth,” she said. “Although mine is an extreme case, I’m not the first – and I won’t be the last.”

Reedy’s story is dramatic, but it comes against a backdrop of problems across the US, with accounts of police ignoring or neglecting rape reports, while bullying victims and scrutinising their behaviour rather than the suspect’s.

“There is a national crisis,” said Carol Tracy, of the Women’s Law Project, an advocacy group in Philadelphia. “We’re witnessing the chronic and systemic failure of law enforcement to properly investigate crimes of sexual violence.”

Reedy said the police officer who took her to hospital from the petrol station in Cranberry Township, about 20 miles from Pittsburgh, in July 2004 was nice. But once there she was interviewed by Detective Frank Evanson. “I told him what happened. His next question was how often did I use dope. I thought he meant heroin – there is a problem with it in the area – but I told him I didn’t use it. I told him I smoked marijuana occasionally, though not for a week. Then he asked me where the money was.” Talking to me in the living room of her home in the small town of Butler, near Cranberry, Reedy shook her head incredulously. In the hospital, she had become angry with Evanson, and then a nurse and a doctor also questioned her account.

Joanne Archambault, a retired police sergeant who now trains officers in handling what she calls “one of the most difficult crimes to investigate”, said this can be a common reaction. “When women don’t act like the classic ‘perfect, innocent victim’ they can be seen as less credible. But trauma can have unexpected effects on how victims come across.”

Reedy aroused further suspicion when she declined the offer of a victim’s advocate. “The assault made me feel worthless, then I was degraded at the hospital for hours,” she said. “I had to give intimate details again and again. I was afraid of being belittled even further.” Reedy was swabbed for forensic evidence, but the material was never tested. This was despite the fact that it contained a fingernail that could have yielded DNA from her attacker.

After that night, Evanson continued to accuse Reedy, despite the other similar attack in the area, which he also investigated. Eventually she was arrested and the court refused bail. She remembers her sister screaming as Reedy was taken away in a police car: “I was terrified. I realised if I got the max I’d be in prison for seven years and not see my baby. I was so tense I couldn’t eat.”

Upon being bailed, she was turned away from a local victim help centre, and old school friends spread rumours about her. Even her parents expressed doubts about their daughter’s veracity after talking to Evanson. But a month before Reedy’s trial, Wilbur Brown, 44, was arrested after raping a woman in a convenience store several miles away. He admitted attacking Reedy too, and in 2006 she was in court to see him plead guilty to assaulting 10 women. He is now serving life in prison.

Reedy was diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder. “Major trust issues” left her unable to return to college or take a job. Her case against the Pennsylvania police department was initially dismissed in district court in 2009. With help from Archambault, the Women’s Law Project and similar groups, and lawyer David Weicht of Pittsburgh firm Leech Tishman, she appealed.

In a precedent-setting decision against the police, the appeal judges ruled in 2010 that Evanson wasn’t reasonable and lacked probable cause when he arrested Sara, and that the case could go to trial. The police finally settled before trial on behalf of Evanson, who is still in his job.

Reedy’s victory has gone down in legal history. During her battle she testified in Congress, and this helped persuade the federal government this year to change the definition of rape to include forced oral sex and the rape of men.

“I had a sense of pride at that,” said Reedy. Recently engaged to a local man whom she described as honest and hardworking, and considering starting work for her parents’ trucking firm, she said she was relieved at her vindication: “If my story can bring about change, I owe it to people to tell it.”